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“Class 12 English” “The Merchant of Venice” Short Summary of the Play in English

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BoardUP Board
TextbookNCERT
ClassClass 12
TopicEnglish
Chapter Identify“The Merchant of Venice”
ClassClass 12 English

UP Board Master for “Class 12 English” “The Merchant of Venice” Short Summary of the Play in English

(Act and Scene smart)
Act I (अंक प्रधम )

Scene I : The scene, opens in a avenue of Venice. Antonio is affected by an unaccountable match of melancholy, he’s troubled with a foreboding of evil. Within the meantime his shut pal Bassanio arrives. Antonio inquires concerning the progress of his amorous affairs. Bassanio tells him his want for the hand of Portia, a wealthy heiress of Belmont. However he wants three thousand ducats to equip himself suitably and requests Antonio to lend him the cash. Antonio tells him that each one his fortunes are at sea. So he ought to increase a mortgage upon his credit score.

Scene II : The scene shifts to Belmont the place Portia, the heroine of the play, can also be unaccountably unhappy. She is surrounded with every kind of luxuries, she is most lovely and is attracted by many suitors. However her future has been positioned on the mercy of likelihood and destiny by the need of her lifeless father. Whoever chooses aright from amongst three caskets of gold, silver and lead, is to have her as his spouse.

Scene III : The scene shifts to a public place in Venice. Antonio reaches essentially the most infamous cash lender Shylock who was a fantastic enemy of Antonio resulting from racial, non secular {and professional} causes. So it’s a second of triumph for Shylock when Bassanio involves borrow cash from him for 3 months on the credit score of Antonio. Shylock is pondering over the matter, in the intervening time Antonio reaches the scene. Each speak in taunting and filthy means remembering the previous occasions of insults and grudges. Antonio nonetheless mocks Shylock however Shylock stays calm. Then Shylock adjustments his temper and makes them a pleasant provide of lending cash with out curiosity however on the execution of a bond of taking one pound of Antonio’s flesh within the occasion of non fee of mortgage inside three months, Antonio was over assured of the return of his ships, so he agrees. They go to a lawyer and a bond is executed as steered by Shylock.

Act II (अंक पद्रुतिया)

Scene I : The scene shifts to Portia’s residence in Belmont. The Moorish Prince, one of many suitors of Portia introduces himself to Portia. He boasts of his bodily energy past restrict. Portia will not be impressed by such a boastful, self conceite
nceited individual. But he is able to contest the lottery.

Scene II : The scene shifts to a avenue of Venice. Right here Launcelot Gobbo, the clown of the play amuses the viewers by his merry methods. Bassanio additionally arrives. Launcelot and his father press their case to Bassanio who employs Launcelot on the spot.

Scene III : Now, we’re taken to Shylock’s home in Venice. Launcelot bids good bye to Jessica, Shylocks daughter. Jessica sends by means of him a letter to Lorenzo with whom she is in love. It’s a romantic love and she or he longs to elope with him and marry him.

Scene IV : Scene is laid in a avenue of Venice. Lorenzo receives Jessica’s letter by which he has been knowledgeable that she is ready to go away her father’s dwelling. She’s going to deliver along with her a few of her father’s gold and jewels. Studying it Lorenzo is delighted.

Scene V : Scene is laid in a avenue infront of Shylock’s home. Shylock has accepted Bassanio’s invitation to the feast which Bassanio is giving to his pals earlier than his departure to Belmont. He’s now on the point of go there. He had a dream final evening and he regards it as a nasty omen. But he offers the keys to Jessica and asks her to be very cautious. It exhibits his utmost confidence in his daughter. Launcelot informs Shylock {that a} masque goes to be carried out that evening by the buddies of Bassanio as a way to bid him farewell. Shylock doesn’t know that his personal daughter disguised as a boy goes to play part of the torch bearer on this masque.

Scene VI : Lorenzo’s preparations to metal Jessica are prepared. His pals are ready on the appointed place. Lorenzo joins them. Jessica additionally disguised as a boy comes out of the home. At this second Antonio comes to tell Gratiano that the masque they intend to carry out should be dropped for Bassanio should begin atonce on his voyage because the winds have all of the sudden turned beneficial.

Scene VII : Scene shifts to Belmont a room in Portia’s home. Prince of Morocco is the primary suitor to attempt his luck. He chooses golden casket and finds a demise’s head, i.e., a cranium as a substitute of Portia’s image.

Scene VIII : Salarino and Salanio inform that Bassanio has set sail for Belmont. Additionally they inform that Shylock has found the elopment of his daughter and the theft of his jewels. So he has put the regulation in movement in opposition to run away. However no hint of Jessica has been discovered.

Scene X : Scene takes place in Portia’s residence. Prince Arragon the second suitor tries his luck. He chooses the silver casket and finds the portrait of a blinking fool rather than the image of Portia.

Act III (अंक तृतीया)

Scene I : The scene shifts to a avenue of Venice. Salanio and Salarino are speaking about one among Antonio’s ships has been wrecked. They irritate Shylock additionally by taunting him with Jessica’s elopment. They also ask him his opinion concerning the penalty to be taken from Antonio. Shylock confirms to take the penalty positively… Salanio and Salarino each depart and Tubal one among Shylock’s pals arrives. In his presence Shylock curses his daughter very a lot. Tubal tells him that Antonio is threatened with full monetary smash. He exults and asks Tubal to have interaction for him a lawyer, a fortnight earlier than the bond falls due.

Scene II : The scene once more shifts to Portia’s room in Belmont. Bassanio has arrived to attempt his luck. Portia who has already given her coronary heart to Bassanio can not disguise her agitation. However her psychological agitation is kind of clear. Now Bassanio comes ahead to decide on the casket. Bassanio rejects gold in addition to pale silver caskets. The lead, the image of poverty appeals to the plain, straight ahead soldier. When Portia sees him select the leaden casket, her pleasure is aware of no certain. Although she controls her feelings and doesn’t categorical them in phrases, their love was true and so it has succeeded. When Bassanio has made his selection and browse the scroll within the casket, he comes ahead and kisses Portia as was directed by the scroll.

As Gratiano and Nerissa congratulate Bassanio and Portia and declare their very own love for one another. Jessica and Lorenzo arrive on the scene. Their arrival at Belmont hyperlinks up the Lorenzo Jessica story with the story of caskets. With Lorenzo comes Salanio with a letter from Antonio. Earlier than Bassanio has recovered from the rapture and pleasure of affection, he’s shocked by the information of full smash of Antonio. All his ventures have failed, his bond to the Jew is forfeited and his solely want is to see his pal earlier than demise.

On this means the 2 major tales–the Bond story and the Casket story—are introduced into very important relation with one another. Bassanio’s love for Portia has been the reason for Antonio’s fall. Now Portia’s love for Bassanio goes to be the technique of his deliverance.

Understanding about ailing luck of Antonio, Portia atonce asks Bassanio to rush to assist his noble pal. So first they’re married after which Portia offers him gold to repay the debt twenty instances over. Antonio should be saved at any price. As Bassanio and Gratiano depart for Venice, Portia and Nerissa give them rings with directions that they need to not give the rings to anyone else below any circumstances.

Scene III : The scene takes place on the street of Venice. Shylock has put Antonio in jail and is bent upon exacting the penalty laid down within the bond. Antonio has prevailed upon his jailor to take him out, in order that he might speak to Shylock and enchantment to his sense of humanity. That is certainly, a second of triumph for Shylock. Antonio who had at all times insulted him and held him in contempt is now at his mercy. However Shylock stays unmoved by his entreaties—he could have his bond, he doesn’t converse even to Antonio.

Scene IV : Scene takes place once more in Portia’s residence. She is stressed. She thinks of a daring plan. She offers the cost of her family to Lorenzo until her husband’s return. Her plan is to go to Venice with Nerissa disguised as a lawyer and plead the case of Antonio.

Scene V : This scene takes place within the backyard of Portia’s residence. Portia and Nerissa have began for Venice and Lorenzo and Jessica are answerable for the home. Nothing extra occurs on this scene.

Act IV (अंक चतुर्थ)

Scene I : Path Scene (Within the Courtroom of Venice) This scene is so essential that it has made the play immortal. We’re taken to the courtroom of justice filled with audience. Shylock is agency on his bond and nothing may soften his coronary heart. Antonio has left all hopes and boldly prepares himself to fulfill his doom. At this second Portia enters the courtroom disguised as a lawyer with Nerissa as her clerk. The Duke permits her to plead on behalf of Airconio. Portia pleads the case as an neutral pleader and provides Shylock a lot of alternatives to retreat from the place he has taken up. All of the efforts even the enchantment to be merciful have been rejected.

Now Portia calls upon Antonio to specific his final needs. Antonio calmly welcomes his demise. Now Portia asks Antonio to be ready to provide flesh and Shylock to come back with knife and take the flesh. As quickly as Shylock comes ahead—Portia warns him not even a single drop of blood ought to be shed and precisely one pound of flesh ought to be minimize neither extra nor much less because the bond says.

Now everyone is overwhelmed by the plea. Now Shylock is perplexed. He leaves his adamancy and agrees to take the thrice of cash of the mortgage. However the advocate grants him nothing in opposition to the bond. Then Shylock appeals for mercy. Even then Shylock’s life is pardoned on the situation that he would hand over one half of his fortune to Antonio‘in use’ for Lorenzo and Jessica and would depart to them the opposite half of his wealth at demise. That is the cruelest blow that might have been given to the Jew. Shylock leaves the courtroom, a damaged previous man, maybe he goes from the courtroom solely to his demise mattress.

Secne II : This scene laid in a avenue of Venice, merely exhibits that Gratiano over takes Portia and provides her the ring of Bassanio which she herself had given to him. Nerissa additionally manages to wheedle her personal ring out of her husband, Gratiano. On this means, develops the ring episode, supply of a lot enjoyable and humour within the final act of the play.

ActV( अंक पंचम)

Scene I : This scene takes us to Portia’s backyard in Belmont. Lorenzo and Jessica are seated collectively in pretty backyard. Blissful couple are within the love speak. Quickly Portia and Nerissa and Antonio and Bassanio come and are welcomed.

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